Sample Test Questions for Massage Therapy Exams
Page 2 (continued):
21. What type of muscle controls the size of the pupil of the eye?
22. What is muscle tone?
When muscle fibers are constantly in a state of slight contraction.
23. Do the muscles of an athlete contain more muscle fibers than the person who does not exercise?
No. The muscle just increases in size.
24. What structural unit forms all the material in the body?
25. What is tissue?
A group or collection of cells which act together in the performance of a particular function.
26. What are the four primary tissues?
Epithelial, connective, muscular, and nervous.
27. Name the organs of special sense.
Eyes, ears, nose, tongue, and skin
28. Name the principal systems of the body.
Cardio, nervous, respiratory, endocrine, skeletal, muscular, reproductive, digestive & integumentary, lymphatic and urinary.
29. What kind of tissue separates the thorax from the abdomen?
Muscle - diaphragm
30. What are the most important "tools" of the massage therapist?
31. Why is the nervous system referred to as the master system of the body?
Because it is the regulating power in the human body and controls the functions of all organs of the body.
32. For purposes of study, anatomists divide the brain into five main parts. Name the parts and indicate which one is the largest.
Cerebrum (the largest)
The Mid Brain
Pons Varolii – commonly referred to as Pons
33. Name the 2 main divisions of the nervous system.
Sympathetic and parasympathetic system - Central nervous system (CNS) and Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
34. What is another name for the central and peripheral systems?
35. How many spinal nerves are found in the normal human body?
31 pair - from vertebrae
36. What is meant by the statement that the two systems which make up the autonomic nervous system are antagonistic?
Sympathetic - stimulates various organs while depressing others in order to deal with the ‘situation’ and the Parasympathetic is the mirror image, returning the body to its ‘normal resting functionality.’
37. What are the two types of tissues making up the brain, and where are each found?
Grey matter is found on the outer side
White matter is on the inside
38. Name the kneading manipulations performed in massage therapy.
Petrissage and friction
39. Describe the proper friction massage of the upper extremities.
Rolling motion with the palms of hands. In performing the friction manipulations, you should never feel the skin of the client sliding between your hands, but you should feel as though the clients body part is part of your hands, while the muscles and tissues underneath the skin can be felt moving as well as rolling between your palms as your apply the friction manipulations.
40. Describe the therapeutic effect of rolling manipulation massage on the thigh.
Stimulates deep muscles, stimulates nerves and blood circulation.